Quick Answer: How Do I Read My Urine Test Results?

What does it mean if you test positive for leukocytes in your urine?

When this test is positive and/or the WBC count in urine is high, it may indicate that there is inflammation in the urinary tract or kidneys.

The most common cause for WBCs in urine (leukocyturia) is a bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI), such as a bladder or kidney infection..

What is a normal white cell count in urine?

Diagnosis. If you’re healthy, you can still have elevated leukocytes in your bloodstream and urine. A normal range in the bloodstream is between 4,500-11,000 WBCs per microliter. A normal range in the urine is lower than in the blood, and may be from 0-5 WBCs per high power field (wbc/hpf).

How do you read urinalysis results?

Documenting the urinalysis results in the notesDocument the time and date that the urinalysis was performed (as this may be significantly different from the time you are documenting).Write the indication for the urinalysis (e.g. dysuria).Inspect the urine and document the following characteristics of the urine:More items…

What do urine tests show?

Doctors request a urine test to help diagnose and treat a range of conditions including kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes and infections. Testing urine is also used to screen people for illicit drug use and to test if a woman is pregnant.

What should not be found in urine?

Normal Results Usually, glucose, ketones, protein, and bilirubin are not detectable in urine. The following are not normally found in urine: Hemoglobin. Nitrites.

What is normal pH of urine?

The glomerular filtrate of blood is usually acidified by the kidneys from a pH of approximately 7.4 to a pH of about 6 in the urine. Depending on the person’s acid-base status, the pH of urine may range from 4.5 to 8.

What is the normal range for urinalysis?

According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the average value for urine pH is 6.0, but it can range from 4.5 to 8.0. Urine under 5.0 is acidic, and urine higher than 8.0 is alkaline, or basic. Different laboratories may have different ranges for “normal” pH levels.

How do you read a urine culture report?

For a urine culture, the urine is given several days to allow the bacteria, if present, to grow. The sample is then examined under a microscope. If your urine shows signs of bacteria or other organisms, you will receive a positive result. If few bacteria or organisms appear, you will receive a negative test result.

What is a positive urine test?

ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems. From: What Do Urine Tests Say About Diabetes?

Why do they check your pee before surgery?

Your doctor should do an ECG before deciding if an echo is needed. Depending on the type of surgery you are having, you may be asked for a urine sample for testing to make sure you haven’t got a urinary tract infection. These questions may help you discuss preoperative tests with your nurse or doctor.

How many RBC in urine is normal?

A normal result is 4 red blood cells per high power field (RBC/HPF) or less when the sample is examined under a microscope. The example above is a common measurement for a result of this test. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories.

What are normal urine dipstick results?

Protein. Dipstick urinalysis detects protein with Bromphenol blue indicator dye and is most sensitive to albumin and less sensitive to Bence-Jones protein and globulins. Trace positive results are equivalent to 10 mg/100 ml or about 150 mg/24 hours (the upper limit of normal).

Are UTI test strips accurate?

A positive strip result for white blood cells in your urine indicates an infection in your urinary tract, or possibly, kidney disease. Studies show that UTI test strips may only be reliable about 30% of the time.

How do you read a urinalysis test strip?

Simply place a single drop of your urine sample onto a single dipstick chemical pad and wait for the required time to compare the sample against the chart. Then proceed to the next test on the strip, and so on. Just be sure the eyedropper, and any urine collection container used, is sterile.

What Colour should Urine be?

Normal urine color ranges from pale yellow to deep amber — the result of a pigment called urochrome and how diluted or concentrated the urine is. Pigments and other compounds in certain foods and medications can change your urine color. Beets, berries and fava beans are among the foods most likely to affect the color.

What is a high level of RBC in urine?

A high count of red blood cells in the urine can indicate infection, trauma, tumors, or kidney stones. If red blood cells seen under microscopy look distorted, they suggest kidney as the possible source and may arise due to kidney inflammation (glomerulonephritis).